Red fort is a great historical monument of India, originally known as Qila-e-Mubarak. It is known as Red Fort because of the extensive use of red stones in the great wall. It is constructed by Mughal King Shah Jahan in 1648.
The attraction of red fort is the great wall of the fort. The wall has two entrances, one at the Lahore gate and another one at the Delhi gate. The main entrance of the fort is Lahore gate. This wall is assuming that a 2km long. Today Red Fort is a busy market –place called Meena Bazaar. I must say that visit this historical place at least one time in your life.
Located at the end of Rajpath, India Gate is laid a huge archway that is made of stones and is a pride that resembles victory. The monument is 42 meters high and is formally known as All India War Memorial.
This gate was built to memorialize the death of 90,000 India soldiers who were killed during the First World War. The name of the soldiers whose memory the gate was constructed is inscribed on the wall of the gate, beside which an eternal flame known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti.
This monument was built under the supervision of HRH the Duke of Connaught in the year 1921 and the building was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the Viceroy, Lord Irwin. The Amar Jawan Jyoti was added to the memorial in memory of the soldiers, who have given their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971 after India had gained her independence.
India Gate is well known for its patriotic feelings, today, the India Gate is one of the most important symbols of India.
Another place of tourist attraction in Delhi is Qutub Minar, the highest stone tower in India. Qutab-UD-Din Aibak started the construction of Qutab Minar in 1199, but could only finish the basement. He is the first Muslim ruler in Delhi. His successor and son-in-law IItutmish built 3 more storeys and in 1368, finally Firoz Shah Tughlak build up the fifth and the last storey. The Qutab Minar is a 73 m-high tower of victory and there are 379 steps.
There are many other remarkable buildings and structures in the Qutab Minar complex, Quwwat-UL-Islam mosque is one of them. This is the first mosque built in India. It was constructed by Qutab-UD-Din Aibak using materials of 27 Hindu and Jain temples.
Humayun’s tomb located near the crossing of Mathura road and Lodhi road. This garden tomb is first Mugal architectural construction in India. Humayun’s Tomb was built in the memory of this charismatic ruler built near about 1562-1572 AD. The Humayun’s Tomb was commissioned nine years after the death of Humayun, by his widow Hamida Banu Begum and finished in 1572.
Humayun’s Tomb is one of the leading attractions today, every day thousands of visitor’s visits here. Humayun’s Tomb is known for influencing the structure of the Taj Mahal and the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites as well.
Purana Qila – Old Fort
Purana Qila or old fort is constructed by Mughal Emperor Humayun and Sher Shah (the founder of Sur dynasty). It is the evidence of the glory of Mughal art. Purana Qila is situated in New Delhi, one of the most famous monuments in Delhi, India. The walls of Purana Qila have three gates- the Humayun Darwaza, Bara Darwaza and Talaqi Darwaza. The double gates of Purana Qila are built with red sandstone.
The building of the Old Fort is said to be built by Sher Shah, while the walls of the Fort are made by Humayun. Humayun made good use of the red sandstone tower known as Sher Mandal.
Some Mughal historical documents suggest that Humayun died after falling down from the steps of the Sher Mandal. After the death of Humayun, it has been said that Mughals considering the fort as a cursed one. As a consequence, the Mughals had to build a new fort named Red Fort, also known as Lal Qila.